The term “electronic keyboard” describes any instrument that produces sound by the pressing or striking of keys, and uses electricity, in some way, to facilitate the development of that sound. Using an electronic keyboard to generate music follows an inevitable evolutionary line from the very first musical keyboard instruments, the pipe organ, clavichord, and harpsichord. The pipe organ is the oldest of such, initially developed by the Romans in the 3rd century B.C., and referred to as hydraulis. The hydraulis produced sound by forcing air through reed pipes, and was powered by means of a manual water pump or a natural water source such as a waterfall.
From it’s first manifestation in ancient Rome until the 14th century, the organ remained the only real keyboard instrument. It often failed to feature a keyboard whatsoever, instead utilizing large levers or buttons that have been operated by utilizing the whole hand.
The subsequent appearance of the clavichord and harpsichord within the 1300’s was accelerated through the standardization in the 12-tone keyboard of white natural keys and black sharp/flat keys seen in all keyboard instruments these days. The buzz of the clavichord and harpsichord was eventually eclipsed through the development and widespread adoption in the piano in the 18th century. The Visit Website was a revolutionary advancement in acoustic musical keyboards just because a pianist could vary the amount (or dynamics) in the sound the instrument produced by varying the force in which each key was struck.
The emergence of electronic sound technology inside the 18th century was the next essential element of the creation of the modern electronic keyboard. The very first electrified musical instrument was regarded as the Denis d’or (built by Vaclav Prokop Dovis), dating from about 1753. This is shortly then the “clavecin electrique” designed by Jean Baptiste Thillaie de Laborde around 1760. The first kind instrument was comprised of over 700 strings temporarily electrified to boost their sonic qualities. The later was actually a keyboard instrument featuring plectra, or picks, which were activated electrically.
While being electrified, neither the Denis d’or or the clavecin used electricity being a sound source. In 1876, Elisha Gray invented such an instrument called the “musical telegraph.,” which was, essentially, the 1st analog electronic synthesizer. Gray discovered that he could control sound coming from a self-vibrating electromagnetic circuit, and thus invented a simple single note oscillator. His musical telegraph created sounds through the electromagnetic oscillation of steel reeds and transmitted them spanning a telephone line. Grey proceeded to add an easy loudspeaker into his later models which was comprised of a diaphragm vibrating in a magnetic field, making the tone oscillator audible.
Lee De Forrest, the self-styled “Father Of Radio,” was the following major reason for the creation of the electronic keyboard. In 1906 he invented the triode electronic valve or “audion valve.” The audion valve was the first thermionic valve or “vacuum tube,” and De Forrest built the initial vacuum tube instrument, the why not find out more in 1915. The vacuum tube became an essential part of electronic instruments for the upcoming fifty years up until the emergence and widespread adoption of transistor technology.
The decade from the 1920’s brought a wealth of new electronic instruments onto the scene including the Theremin, the Ondes Martenot, as well as the Trautonium.
The following major breakthrough inside the background of electronic keyboards arrived in 1935 with the introduction of the Hammond Organ. The Hammond was the very first electronic instrument competent at producing polyphonic sounds, and remained so till the invention in the Chamberlin Music Maker, and the Mellotron inside the late 1940’s and early 1950’s. The Chamberlin and the Mellotron were the initial ever sample-playback keyboards designed for making music.
The electronic piano made it’s first appearance inside the 1940’s using the “Pre-Piano” by Rhodes (later Fender Rhodes). This was a three and a half octave instrument made from 1946 until 1948 that came equipped with self-amplification. In 1955 the Wurlitzer Company debuted their first electric piano, “The 100.”
The rise of music synthesizers in the 1960’s gave a strong push to the evolution in the electronic musical keyboards we now have today. The first synthesizers were extremely large, unwieldy machines used only in recording studios. The technological advancements and proliferation of miniaturized solid state components soon allowed the production of synthesizers which were self-contained, portable instruments able to used in live performances.
This began in 1964 when Bob Moog produced his “Moog Synthesizer.” Lacking a keyboard, the Moog Synthesizer was not truly an electronic keyboard. Then, in 1970, Moog debuted his “Minimoog,” a non-modular synthesizer with a built-in keyboard, which instrument further standardized the appearance of electronic musical keyboards.
Most early analog synthesizers, such as the Minimoog as well as the Roland SH-100, were monophonic, capable of producing only one tone at the same time. A few, such as the EML 101, ARP Odyssey, as well as the Moog Sonic Six, could produce two different tones simultaneously when two keys were pressed. True polyphony (the creation of multiple simultaneous tones which permit for that playing of chords) qhscvn only obtainable, initially, using electronic organ designs. There was a number of electronic keyboards produced which combined organ circuits with synthesizer processing. These included Moog’s Polymoog, Opus 3, and also the ARP Omni.
By 1976, additional design advancements had allowed the look of polyphonic synthesizers such as the Oberheim Four-Voice, as well as the Yamaha series CS-50, CS-60, and CS-80. The first truly practical polyphonic synth, introduced in 1977, was the Sequential Circuits Prophet-5. This instrument was the first to make use of a microprocessor as being a controller, and in addition allowed all knob settings to be saved in computer memory and recalled by simply pushing a button. The Prophet-5’s design soon became the new standard within the electronic keyboards industry.
The adoption of Musical Instrumental Digital Interface (MIDI) because the standard for digital code transmission (allowing electronic keyboards to be connected into computers as well as other devices for input and programming), and also the ongoing digital technological revolution have produced tremendous advancements in every facets of top digital pianos, construction, function, audio quality, and price. Today’s manufactures, such as Casio, Yamaha, Korg, Rolland, and Kurzweil, are producing a great deal of well-built, lightweight, versatile, great sounding, and affordable electronic keyboard musical instruments and can continue to do this well into the foreseeable future.